Safety and efficacy profile of a phytase produced by fermentation and used as a feed additive

Heliyon. 2021 Jun 5;7(6):e07237. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07237. eCollection 2021 Jun.


Enzymes can aid in optimal feed stock utilization when used as feed additives. A range of toxicological studies were performed to evaluate the safety profile of a novel phytase (phytase HM) from Citrobacter b raakii produced in Aspergillus oryzae. Phytase HM was found to be non-mutagenic and non-clastogenic in in vitro tests. Further, the phytase HM preparation did not exhibit irritative potential to the eye and skin when applied in in vitro models. A 13-week subchronic toxicity study with oral administration of phytase HM to rats did not show any adverse effects. Efficacy studies showed that the dietary supplementation of this phytase significantly improved growth performance and bone mineralization in broiler chickens and piglets fed P-deficient diets, and increased retention of phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca), and phytate-P degradation in excreta of broiler chickens in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, there are no safety concerns using phytase HM as a feed additive and the phytase is well tolerated by broiler chickens and pigs. Further, phytase HM improves with high efficacy the growth performance in both broiler chickens and pigs.

PMID:34189296 | PMC:PMC8215172 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07237

Source: Industry