Serum levels of IgG antibodies against Aspergillus fumigatus and the risk of hypersensitivity pneumonitis and other interstitial lung diseases
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2021 Jul 18:1-3. doi: 10.1080/00365513.2021.1943758. Online ahead of print.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an interstitial lung disease (ILD) caused by the inhalation of antigens. Antigen-specific IgG antibodies (sIgG) are used as biomarkers of exposure when diagnosing HP, but little is known about the longitudinal relation between antibody levels and risk of HP or other ILD. In a follow-up design, we explored the relationship between sIgG antibodies against Aspergillus fumigatus and the diagnosis of HP in 647 subjects suspected of HP. We showed that IgG levels above the reference value resulted in a hazard ratio of 9.5 for subsequent HP. Our findings support a relationship between high levels of sIgG against A. fumigatus and risk of HP.