Aflatoxin B<sub>1</sub> Induced Structural and Conformational Changes in Bovine Serum Albumin: A Multispectroscopic and Circular Dichroism-Based Study

ACS Omega. 2021 Jul 8;6(28):18054-18064. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c01799. eCollection 2021 Jul 20.

ABSTRACT

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a mutagen that has been categorized as a group 1 human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. It is produced as a secondary metabolite by soil fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus . Here, in this study, the effect of AFB1 on the structure and conformation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) using multispectroscopic tools like fluorescence spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, and circular dichroism spectropolarimetry has been ascertained. Ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy revealed hyperchromicity in the absorption spectra of BSA in the presence of AFB1. The binding constant was calculated in the range of 104 M-1, by fluorescence spectroscopy suggesting moderate binding of the toxin to BSA. The study also confirms the static nature of fluorescence quenching. The stoichiometry of binding sites was found to be unity. The competing capability of warfarin for AFB1 was higher than ibuprofen as calculated from site marker displacement assay. Förster resonance energy transfer confirmed the high efficiency of energy transfer from BSA to AFB1. Circular dichroism spectropolarimetry showed a decrease in the α-helix in BSA in the presence of AFB1. The melting temperature of BSA underwent an increment in the presence of a mycotoxin from 62.5 to 70.3 °C. Molecular docking confirmed the binding of AFB1 to subdomain IIA in BSA.

PMID:34308039 | PMC:PMC8296610 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.1c01799

Source: Industry