Profile of Membrane Cargo Trafficking Proteins and Transporters Expressed under N Source Derepressing Conditions in Aspergillus nidulans

J Fungi (Basel). 2021 Jul 14;7(7):560. doi: 10.3390/jof7070560.


Solute and ion transporters are proteins essential for cell nutrition, detoxification, signaling, homeostasis and drug resistance. Being polytopic transmembrane proteins, they are co-translationally inserted and folded into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of eukaryotic cells and subsequently sorted to their final membrane destination via vesicular secretion. During their trafficking and in response to physiological/stress signals or prolonged activity, transporters undergo multiple quality control processes and regulated turnover. Consequently, transporters interact dynamically and transiently with multiple proteins. To further dissect the trafficking and turnover mechanisms underlying transporter subcellular biology, we herein describe a novel mass spectrometry-based proteomic protocol adapted to conditions allowing for maximal identification of proteins related to N source uptake in A. nidulans. Our analysis led to identification of 5690 proteins, which to our knowledge constitutes the largest protein dataset identified by omics-based approaches in Aspergilli. Importantly, we detected possibly all major proteins involved in basic cellular functions, giving particular emphasis to factors essential for membrane cargo trafficking and turnover. Our protocol is easily reproducible and highly efficient for unearthing the full A. nidulans proteome. The protein list delivered herein will form the basis for downstream systematic approaches and identification of protein-protein interactions in living fungal cells.

PMID:34356937 | DOI:10.3390/jof7070560

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