Microwave prompted solvent-free synthesis of new series of heterocyclic tagged 7-arylidene indanone hybrids and their computational, antifungal, antioxidant, and cytotoxicity study
Bioorg Chem. 2021 Aug 10;115:105259. doi: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2021.105259. Online ahead of print.
In this study, we report the expeditious synthesis of ten new antifungal and antioxidant agents containing heterocyclic linked 7-arylidene indanone moiety. The solvent-free microwave technique, ample substrate scope, superfast synthesis, and very simple operation are noteworthy features of this protocol. Antifungal activities of the newly synthesized compounds were evaluated against four fungal strains namely Rhizophus oryzae, Mucor mucido, Aspergillus niger, and Candida albicans. Most of the compounds were shown strong inhibition of the investigated fungal agents. In vitro, antioxidant potential against DPPH and OH radicals affirmed that the synthesized compounds are good to excellent radicals scavenging agents. The cytotoxicity data of the synthesized compounds towards HL-60 cells uncovered that the synthesized compounds display very low to negligible cytotoxicity. The structural and quantum chemical parameters of the synthesized compounds were explored by employing density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP functional using 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The compound 3a is discussed in detail for the theoretical and experimental correlation. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) at CAM-B3LYP functional with 6-311G(d,p) basis set was used for the electronic absorption study in the gas phase and indichloromethane and benzene solvents. The UV-Visible absorption peaks and fundamental vibrational wavenumbers were computed and a good agreement between observed and theoretical results has been achieved. From the DFT and antifungal activity correlation, it has been found that the 7-heteroarylidene indanones with more stabilized LUMO energy levels display good antifungal potential.