Occidiofungin is the key metabolite for antifungal activity of the endophytic bacterium Burkholderia sp. MS455 against Aspergillus flavus

Phytopathology. 2021 Aug 25. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-06-21-0225-R. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Aflatoxin is a secondary metabolite produced by Aspergillus fungi and presents a major food safety concern globally. Among the available methods for prevention and control of aflatoxin, the application of antifungal bacteria has gained favorability in recent years. An endophytic bacterium MS455, isolated from soybean, exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal activity against economically important pathogens, including Aspergillus flavus. MS455 was identified as a strain of Burkholderia based on genomic analysis. Random and site-specific mutations were employed in discovery of the genes that share high homology to the ocf gene cluster of Burkholderia contaminans strain MS14, which is responsible for production of the antifungal compound occidiofungin. RNA-seq analysis demonstrated ORF1, a homolog to the ambR1 LuxR-type regulatory gene, regulates occidiofungin biosynthesis in MS455. Additionally, a total of 284 differentially expressed genes, including 138 up-regulated, and 146 down-regulated genes, suggesting that, in addition to its role in occidiofungin production, ORF1 is involved in expression of multiple genes, especially those involved in ornibactin biosynthesis. Plate bioassays showed the growth of A. flavus was significantly inhibited by the wild-type strain MS455 as compared with the ORF1 mutant. Similarly, corn kernel assays showed that growth of A. flavus and aflatoxin production were reduced significantly by MS455 as compared with buffer control and the ORF1 mutant. Collectively, the results demonstrated that production of occidiofungin is essential for antifungal activity of the endophytic bacterium MS455. This research has provided insights to understanding antifungal mechanisms of MS455 and development of biological approaches to prevent aflatoxin contamination in plant production.

PMID:34433293 | DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-06-21-0225-R

Source: Industry