NF-kappaB inhibitory, antimicrobial and antiproliferative potentials of compounds from Hawaiian fungus Aspergillus polyporicola FS910

3 Biotech. 2021 Aug;11(8):391. doi: 10.1007/s13205-021-02877-7. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

ABSTRACT

Bioassay-guided experimental design and chromatographic analysis led to the isolation and identification of ten compounds (1-10) including two unusual sulfur-containing curvularin macrolides (1 and 2) from a Hawaiian fungal strain Aspergillus polyporicola FS910. Compounds 1 and 2 are rare curvularin macrolides each with a five-membered cyclic sulfur-containing moiety. The structures of the compounds were identified by HRESIMS, NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, ECD and DFT energy calculation, as well as comparing with previous literatures. Compounds 4, 6 and 8 were active against TNF-α-induced NF-κB inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 26.45, 5.41 and 15.8 µM, respectively. Compounds 3 and 5-8 exhibited anti-proliferative activity against HT1080, T46D, and A2780S cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 2.48 to 29.17 μM. Additionally, Compound 3 showed promising antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. Moreover, when tested in combination with antibiotic adjuvant disulfiram [4 µg/mL], compounds 4, 5 and 10 also displayed significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-021-02877-7.

PMID:34458061 | PMC:PMC8324597 | DOI:10.1007/s13205-021-02877-7

Source: Industry