Scedosporium apiospermum Pneumonia in an Immunocompetent Host

Cureus. 2021 Aug 4;13(8):e16891. doi: 10.7759/cureus.16891. eCollection 2021 Aug.


Invasive fungal infections are being increasingly identified recently. Scedosporium is a significant cause of non-Aspergillus mold infection. It can cause disseminated disease in an immunocompromised host and localized pulmonary infection in immunocompetent ones, especially in those with preformed lung cavities. We present a case of scedosporiosis in an elderly female with bronchiectasis who presented with refractory pulmonary symptoms and infiltrates. The case emphasizes the need to keep the fungal infection in the differential diagnosis of refractory infiltrates in immunocompetent individuals without preformed cavities if they have bronchiectasis. Voriconazole monotherapy can be used as the first-line in proven cases of scedosporiosis.

PMID:34513465 | PMC:PMC8416566 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.16891

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