Mycofabrication of AgONPs derived from Aspergillus terreus FC36AY1 and its potent antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-angiogenesis activities

Mol Biol Rep. 2021 Oct 16. doi: 10.1007/s11033-021-06824-w. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: There is an emergency need for the natural therapeutic agents to treat arious life threatening diseases such as cardio- vascular disease, Rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. Among these diseases, cancer is found to be the second life threatening disease; in this view the present study focused to synthesize the silver oxide nanoparticles (AgONPs) from endophytic fungus.

METHODS: The endophytic fungus was isolated from a medicinal tree Aegle marmelos (Vilva tree) and the potential strain was screened through antagonistic activity. The endophytic fungus was identified through microscopic (Lactophenol cotton blue staining and spore morphology in culture media) and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) 1, ITS 4 and 18S rRNA amplification. The endophyte was cultured for the synthesis of AgONPs and the synthesized NPs were characterized through UV- Vis, FT- IR, EDX, XRD and SEM. The synthesized AgONPs were determined for antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti- angiogenic activity.

RESULTS: About 35 pigmented endophytic fungi were isolated, screened for antagonistic activity against 12 pathogens and antioxidant activity through DPPH radical scavenging assay; among the isolates, FC36AY1 explored the highest activity and the strain FC36AY1 was identified as Aspergillus terreus. The AgONPs were synthesized from the strain FC36AY1 and characterized for its confirmation, functional groups, nanostructures with unit cell dimensions, size and shape, presence of elements through UV-Vis spectrophotometry, FT-IR, XRD, SEM with EDX analysis. The myco-generated AgONPs manifested their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties with maximum activity at minimum concentration. Moreover, the inhibition of angiogenesis by the AgONPs in Hen’s Egg Test on the Chorio-Allantoic Membrane analysis were tested on the eggs of Chittagong breed evinced at significant bioactivity least concentration at 0.1 µg/mL.

CONCLUSIONS: Thus, the results of this study revealed that the fungal mediated AgONPs can be exploited as potential in biomedical applications.

PMID:34655404 | DOI:10.1007/s11033-021-06824-w

Source: Industry