Sucrose Hydrolysis in a Continuous Packed-Bed Reactor with Auto-immobilise Aspergillus niger Biocatalyst Obtained by Solid-State Fermentation
Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1007/s12010-021-03737-z. Online ahead of print.
Invertase from Aspergillus niger C28B25 was produced by solid-state fermentation (SSF). Fermented solids were used directly as a biocatalyst for batch and continuous hydrolysis of sucrose in a packed-bed reactor under different operational conditions with various temperatures, sucrose concentrations, and feed flow rates. The SSF allowed obtaining a biocatalyst with an invertase activity of 82.2 U/g db. The biocatalyst maintained its activity in the range of 40 to 70 °C for at least 70 h of continuous operation. In a 20-mL packed bed reactor, the highest hydrolysis rate (12.3 g/g db h) was obtained at 40 °C with 2 M sucrose. Continuous hydrolysis in 20-mL and 200-mL reactors at 60 °C led to sucrose hydrolysis above 60% (8.5 residence times) and above 55% (4.5 residence times), respectively. The auto-immobilised biocatalyst produced by SSF without recovery, purification, and immobilisation stages offers an economical alternative for developing accessible biocatalysts that can be applied in batch or continuous sucrose hydrolysis processes. This study shows the potential of biocatalyst production by SSF for other enzymatic systems.