Experimental and in silico studies of competitive inhibition of family GH10 Aspergillus fumigatus xylanase A by Oryza sativa xylanase inhibitor protein
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Nov 3:S0141-8130(21)02366-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.10.201. Online ahead of print.
The family GH10 Aspergillus fumigatus xylanase A (AfXylA10) gene, afxyla10 was cloned and recombinantly expressed in Pichia pastoris X33. The optimum temperature and pH of reAfXylA10 was 53 °C and 7.0, and Mn2+ remarkably activated the catalytic activity. The recombinant Oryza sativa xylanase inhibitor protein, rePOsXIP significantly inhibited reAfXylA10 with inhibition constant (Ki) of 177.94 nM via competitive inhibition and decreased the concentration of hydrolysate from beechwood xylan. Optimal inhibition of rePOsXIP on reAfXylA10 occurred at 45 °C for 40 min. The fluorescence of reAfXylA10 was statically quenched by rePOsXIP, indicating the formation of reAfXylA10-rePOsXIP complex during their interaction. Furthermore, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed to obtain the detailed information on enzyme-inhibitor interaction. The binding free energy (ΔG) of AfXylA10-OsXIP complex was -30 ± 9 kcal/mol by MM-PBSA calculation, and the α-7 helix of OsXIP anchored in the catalytic cleft of AfXylA10 by competition with the xylan substrate. K239OsXIP stably interacted with the catalytic site E140AfXylA10 through hydrogen bond and vdW interaction. Intermolecular hydrogen bonds T104AfXylA10/V99AfXylA10-Q5OsXIP, R256AfXylA10-E235OsXIP, D155AfXylA10-Y243OsXIP and D145AfXylA10-R194OsXIP on the upper of the TIM barrel were essential for strengthening the stability of complex. Therefore, these non-covalent interactions (NCI) played key role in the interaction between AfXylA10 and OsXIP.