Study on inhibitory activity and mechanism of chitosan oligosaccharides on Aspergillus Flavus and Aspergillus Fumigatus
Carbohydr Polym. 2022 Jan 1;275:118673. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118673. Epub 2021 Sep 20.
Chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) are a derivative of low molecular weight chitosan and are potent natural antimicrobial agents. The antimicrobial activity of COS against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus fumigatus was evaluated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and inhibition of mycelial growth. The MICs of COS against these two fungi were 31.2 and 15.6 mg/mL, respectively. COS treatment rendered fungal mycelia wrinkled and deformed with a fractured appearance. COS also increased cellular permeability leading to a significant leakage of cellular components indicating membrane damage. This compound also dose-dependently reduced chitin production and enhanced chitinase activity while enhancing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These characteristics suggested that COS has inhibitory effects against food spoilage fungi and acts on the cell wall and membrane and alters cellular metabolism. COS shows promise for food industry applications since it is non-toxic to higher organisms.