Effective Management Of Topical Nosocomial Aspergillus Spp. Infections In Three Severely Burned Patients
Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2021 Sep 30;34(3):235-239.
Nosocomial opportunistic fungal infections by Aspergillus spp. represent increasing morbidity and mortality factors for severely burned patients, who are fragile and immunocompromised. Voriconazole (VRC), a modern antifungal drug, is used as a first-line therapy against systemic mold and yeast infections. Little has been published about the place, relative importance and efficacy of voriconazole in the treatment protocols involving Aspergillus spp. in Burn Centers. The objective of the present work was to assess the place and importance of voriconazole for the treatment of burn patients presenting superficial Aspergillus spp. infections. We performed a retrospective evaluation of VRC treatment in three severely burned patients with superficial nosocomial Aspergillus spp. infections in our Burn Center. Results showed that VRC allowed for control and cure of topical nosocomial Aspergillus spp. infections. In two cases, treatment with VRC had to be discontinued because of hepatotoxicity. In two cases, following or during systemic treatment with VRC, a 1% terbinafine cream was applied to resolve the infection in order to continue standard wound management. Overall, VRC has been shown to be an effective antifungal agent and is an alternative to amphotericin B to fight Aspergillus spp. infections developing in the wounds of severely burned patients.