Integration of transcriptome and targeted metabolome profiling reveals hormone related genes involved in the growth of Bletilla striata
Sci Rep. 2021 Nov 9;11(1):21950. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-01532-8.
Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb.f. (BS) is a traditional Chinese medicine with numerous beneficial effects. In our previous study, Aspergillus flavus was isolated from B. striata. To explore the physiological and molecular mechanisms of Aspergillus flavus elicitor (1-G4) that promoted Bletilla striata growth, in this study, we performed the determination of growth indexes and transcriptomics and metabolomics analysis under 5% and 10% 1-G4 conditions. Results showed that 1-G4 elicitor could significantly promote the growth and development of B. striata. With the increasing concentration of 1-G4 elicitor, the contents of SA, ICAld, and ME-IAA significantly increased while the IP and ACC contents decreased dramatically. A total of 1657 DEGs (763 up-regulated and 894 down-regulated) between the control (CK) and 5% elicitor (CK vs G5) and 2415 DEGs (1208 up-regulated and 1207 down-regulated) between the control and 10% elicitor (CK vs G10) were identified. Further, we found that 22, 38, and 2 unigenes were involved in ME-IAA, IP, and ACC, respectively. It was indicated that these unigenes might be involved in B. striata growth. Overall, the current study laid a theoretical foundation for the effective utilization of endophytic fungi and the optimization of germplasm resources of B. striata.