Synthesis of fish scale derived hydroxyapatite silica propyl bis aminoethoxy ethane cuprous complex (HASPBAEECC) as a novel hybrid nano-catalyst for highly efficient synthesis of new benzimidazole-1,2,3-triazole hybrid analogues as antifungal agents
Mol Divers. 2021 Nov 20. doi: 10.1007/s11030-021-10346-9. Online ahead of print.
The preparation, characterization and application of hydroxyapatite silica propyl bis aminoethoxy ethane cuprous complex (HASPBAEECC) as a novel hybrid nano-catalyst for synthesis of new benzimidazole-1,2,3-triazole hybrid analogues as promising antifungal agents have been described. HASPBAEECC is fully characterized by different microscopic, spectroscopic and physical techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission, X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and FT-IR. The ‘Click̕ Huisgen cycloaddition reaction of N-propargyl benzimidazole with diverse azidoalkyls in a THF-water media at ambient temperature provides the products in good-to-excellent yields using HASPBAEECC. HASPBAEECC is proved to be a stable, low cost, reusable and environmentally benign nanohybrid catalyst. The target compounds were screened against some pathogenic fungal comprising Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis, Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus in which it was determined that compounds 11f and 11 h have displayed promising antifungal activity similar to fluconazole as a reference drug. HASPBAEECC is a novel hybrid nano-catalyst for highly efficient synthesis of new benzimidazole-1,2,3- triazole hybrid analogues as antifungal agents.