A novel method of affinity purification and characterization of polygalacturonase of Aspergillus flavus by galacturonic acid engineered magnetic nanoparticle
Food Chem. 2022 Mar 15;372:131317. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.131317. Epub 2021 Oct 6.
Pectinases hydrolyze pectin and make up 25% of global food processing enzyme sales. In this study, we aimed to purify exo-polygalacturonase (Exo-PG) by using galacturonic acid conjugated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and examined its application in juice purification. The submerged fermentation was carried out in the presence of apple pectin (1%) to promote production of exo-PG from Aspergillus flavus. Maximum exo-PG activity was observed after 4 days (30 °C and pH 5.0). A single protein band (66 kDa) of purified exo-PG was observed in SDS-PAGE. Purification of exo-PG enzyme was ∼ 10 fold with a yield of 29%. The enzyme retained 98% activity in the presence of 15 % glycerol at 4 °C. The purified exo-PG using MNPs yielded a 10-12% increase in juice production as compare to without treated fruit juice. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of affinity purification of exo-PG enzyme, using engineered magnetic nanoparticles.