Insights into biodegradation mechanisms of triphenyl phosphate by a novel fungal isolate and its potential in bioremediation of contaminated river sediment
J Hazard Mater. 2022 Feb 15;424(Pt B):127545. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127545. Epub 2021 Oct 19.
In this study, Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1 isolated from soil was verified to be a novel triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) degrader. Biodegradation efficiency of TPhP by Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1 exceeded 90% within 6 days under the optimal conditions (pH 4-9, 30 ℃, initial concentration less than 20 mg/L). Proteomics analysis uncovered the proteins perhaps involved in hydrolysis, hydroxylation, methylation and sulfonation of TPhP and the primary intracellular adaptive responses of Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1 to TPhP stress. The expression of carboxylic ester hydrolase along with several thioredoxin- and glutathione-dependent oxidoreductases were induced to withstand the toxicity of TPhP. The presence of TPhP also caused obvious upregulation of proteins concerned with glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle. Data from toxicological tests confirmed that the cytotoxicity and phytotoxicity of TPhP was effectively decreased after treatment with Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1. Additionally, bioaugmentation with Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1 was available for promoting TPhP removal in real water and water-sediment system. Collectively, the present study offered a deeper insight into the biodegradation mechanism and pathway of TPhP by a newly screened fungal strain Aspergillus sydowii FJH-1 and validated the feasibility of applying this novel degrader in the bioremediation of TPhP-polluted matrices.