Analysis of allergen distribution and clinical characteristics of autumn allergic rhinitis in Changchun and surrounding areas
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2021 Dec;35(12):1124-1129. doi: 10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2021.12.014.
Objective:To investigate the allergen characteristics, allergen distribution and clinical symptoms of autumn allergic rhinitis in Changchun and surrounding areas. Methods:The allergen test results of 1080 allergic rhinitis（AR） suspected patients from Changchun and surrounding areas were collected, from August to October 2019 and August to October 2020 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Hospital of Jilin University. The positive rates of major allergens and their differences in gender, age, different years and clinical symptom were compared and analyzed. Results:①Among the 1080 suspected AR patients, 804 patients（74.44%） had positive allergens. ②The top 3 allergens of autumn AR in Changchun and surrounding areas were Artemisia（36.20%）, Dwarf ragweed（33.24%） and Candida/Penicillium notarum/Cladosporium/Alternaria/Aspergillus niger（19.81%）. The positive rates of Artemisia and Dwarf ragweed were higher in men than in women（P<0.05）. ③Artemisia was the major allergen of autumn AR in juvenile group, youth group and middle-aged group. ④The positive rate of two or more allergens was 2.39 times that of single allergen. ⑤Patients with positive autumn pollen allergens had more severe symptoms of nasal congestion, red eye/eye itching and epiphora than those in other groups. Conclusion:Seasonal AR had typical clinical symptom characteristics. Major allergens in autumn AR in Changchun and surrounding areas are autumn pollen allergens（Artemisia, Dwarf ragweed, Humulus）. The distribution of those allergens was different in gender, age, and different years.