Discovery of a novel Aurora B inhibitor GSK650394 with potent anticancer and anti-aspergillus fumigatus dual efficacies in vitro
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2022 Dec;37(1):109-117. doi: 10.1080/14756366.2021.1975693.
Invasive fungal infections including Candidiasis and Aspergillosis are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals, such as cancer patients. Aurora B is a key mitotic kinase required for the cell division of eukaryotes from fungus to man. Here, we identified a novel Aurora B inhibitor GSK650394 that can inhibit the recombinant Aurora B from human and Aspergillus fumigatus, with IC50 values of 5.68 and 1.29 µM, respectively. In HeLa and HepG2 cells, GSK650394 diminishes the endogenous Aurora B activity and causes cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. Further cell-based assays demonstrate that GSK650394 efficiently suppresses the proliferation of both cancer cells and Aspergillus fumigatus. Finally, the molecular docking calculation and site-directed mutagenesis analyses reveal the molecular mechanism of Aurora B inhibition by GSK650394. Our work is expected to provide new insight into the combinational therapy of cancer and Aspergillus fumigatus infection.