The role of pentraxin3 in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in COPD patients with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis

BMC Pulm Med. 2021 Dec 16;21(1):414. doi: 10.1186/s12890-021-01793-z.


BACKGROUND: The use of galactomannan (GM) testing in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) has improved the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, the high false-positive rate leads to overdiagnosis. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) as an indicator of inflammation plays an important role in resistance to Aspergillus infections. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of PTX3 for diagnosing IPA with COPD.

METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on patients with suspected COPD and IPA who had been hospitalized in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between September 2017 and November 2020. PTX3 and GM were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

RESULTS: A total of 165 patients were included in the study, of whom 35 had confirmed or probable IPA. The remaining 130 patients served as controls. The median plasma and BALF PTX3 levels were significantly higher in patients with IPA than in control patients (3.74 ng/mL vs. 1.29 ng/mL, P < 0.001; and 3.88 ng/mL vs. 1.58 ng/mL, P < 0.001 in plasma and BALF, respectively). The plasma GM, plasma PTX3, BALF GM, and BALF PTX3 assays had sensitivities of 60.0%, 77.1%, 78.6%, and 89.3%, respectively, and specificities of 73.8%, 69.2%, 80.7%, and 77.1%, respectively. The sensitivity of PTX3 in plasma and BALF was higher than that of GM. However, the specificity of PTX3 and GM did not differ significantly between the IPA group and the control group. The specificity of the assays for the diagnosis of IPA was > 90% in patients who were PTX3-positive and GM-positive in plasma and BALF.

CONCLUSIONS: BALF and plasma PTX3 levels were significantly higher in COPD patients with IPA. The sensitivity of PTX3 was superior to that of GM for diagnosing IPA in patients with COPD. The combination of GM and PTX3 is useful for the diagnosis of IPA in patients with COPD.

PMID:34915889 | DOI:10.1186/s12890-021-01793-z

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