CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) delta promotes the expression of PTX3 and macrophage phagocytosis during A. fumigatus infection

J Leukoc Biol. 2021 Dec 23. doi: 10.1002/JLB.4MA1121-451RR. Online ahead of print.


Given the increasing incidence of pulmonary aspergillosis, it is important to understand the natural defense mechanisms by which the body can kill Aspergillus fumigatus conidia. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) plays a nonredundant role in resistance to A. fumigatus. Here, we found that the key predicted PTX3 transcription factor, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein δ (CEBPD), was up-regulated during A. fumigatus conidia infection. Functionally, CEBPD significantly promoted the expression of PTX3 and the phagocytic ability of macrophages. Mechanistically, CEBPD activated the PTX3 by directly binding to the promoter region of the PTX3 gene. We also showed that the RNA-binding protein human antigen R promoted CEBPD expression. These findings provide new insights into the crucial role of CEBPD in the phagocytosis of A. fumigatus conidia by macrophages and highlight this protein as a potential therapeutic target for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.

PMID:34939225 | DOI:10.1002/JLB.4MA1121-451RR

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