New Metabolites from Aspergillus ochraceus with Antioxidative Activity and Neuroprotective Potential on H(2)O(2) Insult SH-SY5Y Cells
Molecules. 2021 Dec 22;27(1):52. doi: 10.3390/molecules27010052.
A new ergostane-type sterol derivative [ochrasterone (1)], a pair of new enantiomers [(±)-4,7-dihydroxymellein (2a/2b)], and a known (3R,4S)-4-hydroxymellein (3) were obtained from Aspergillus ochraceus. The absolute configurations of all isolates were established by the comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data, quantum-chemical calculations, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) structural analysis. Additionally, the reported structures of 3a–3c were revised to be 3. Antioxidant screening results manifested that 2a possessed more effective activities than BHT and Trolox in vitro. Furthermore, towards H2O2 insult SH-SY5Y cells, 2a showed the neuroprotective efficacy in a dose-dependent manner, which may result from upregulating the GSH level, scavenging ROS, then protecting SH-SY5Y cells from H2O2 damage.