Six New Antimicrobial Metabolites from the Deep-Sea Sediment-Derived Fungus Aspergillus fumigatus SD-406
Mar Drugs. 2021 Dec 21;20(1):4. doi: 10.3390/md20010004.
Six new metabolites, including a pair of inseparable mixtures of secofumitremorgins A (1a) and B (1b), which differed in the configuration of the nitrogen atom, 29-hydroxyfumiquinazoline C (6), 10R-15-methylpseurotin A (7), 1,4,23-trihydroxy-hopane-22,30-diol (10), and sphingofungin I (11), together with six known compounds (2–5 and 8–9), were isolated and identified from the deep-sea sediment-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus SD-406. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis of NMR and MS data, chiral HPLC analysis of the acidic hydrolysate, X-ray crystallographic analysis, J-based configuration analysis, and quantum chemical calculations of ECD, OR, and NMR (with DP4+ probability analysis). Among the compounds, 1a/1b represent a pair of novel scaffolds derived from indole diketopiperazine by cleavage of the amide bond following aromatization to give a pyridine ring. Compounds 1, 4, 6, 7, 10 and 11 showed inhibitory activities against pathogenic bacteria and plant pathogenic fungus, with MIC values ranging from 4 to 64 μg/mL.