Antifungal and physicochemical properties of Ocimum essential oil loaded in poly(lactic acid) nanofibers

Lett Appl Microbiol. 2022 Feb 4. doi: 10.1111/lam.13661. Online ahead of print.


Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanofibers containing different proportions of the essential oils from Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. were prepared by the solution blow spinning method. The essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation and characterized by gas chromatography. MEV, contact angle, DSC, and FTIR were used to characterize the nanofibers. The effect of bioative nanofibers on the growth of the fungus and on the production of ochratoxin A were evaluated using the fumigation test. Linalool, 1.8-cineole and camphor were the principal components of the essential oil from O. basilicum, and eugenol was the principal constituent in the oil from O. gratissimum. An increase in the average diameter of the nanofibers was observed with the addition of the essential oils. The essential oils acted as a plasticizer, resulting in a reduction in the crystallinity of the PLA. The encapsulation of essential oils in PLA nanofibers was verified by FTIR. An effective antifungal and antimicotoxygenic activity against Aspergillus ochraceus and Aspergillus westerdjikiae was observed for the bioative nanofibers. These results confirm the potential of PLA nanofibers containing the essential oils for the control of toxigenic fungi that cause the deterioration of food and are harmful to human health.

PMID:35118690 | DOI:10.1111/lam.13661

Source: Industry