Glutaraldehyde functionalization of halloysite nanoclay enhances immobilization efficacy of endoinulinase for fructooligosaccharides production from inulin
Food Chem. 2022 Feb 2;381:132253. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132253. Online ahead of print.
Current work describes the enhancement of immobilization efficacy of Aspergillus tritici endoinulinase onto halloysite nanoclay using crosslinker glutaraldehyde. Under statistical optimized immobilization conditions, viz. glutaraldehyde 1.50% (v/v), enzyme coupling-time 2.20 h, glutaraldehyde activation-time 1.00 h and endoinulinase load 50 IU, maximum activity yield (65.77%) and immobilization yield (82.45%) was obtained. An enhancement of 1.15- and 1.23-fold in both enzyme activity yield and immobilization yield of endoinulinase was observed, when compared with APTES-functionalized halloysite nanoclay immobilized endoinulinase. Immobilized biocatalyst showed maximum activity at pH 5.0 and temperature 60 °C with broad pH (4.0-8.5) and temperature (50-75 °C) stability. Further, optimal hydrolytic conditions (inulin concentration 8.0%; endoinulinase load 80 IU; agitation 125 rpm and hydrolysis-time 13 h) supported fructooligosaccharides yield (95.44%) in a batch system. HPTLC studies blueprint confirmed 95.44% fructooligosaccharides containing 35.41% kestose, 26.19% nystose and 9.69% fructofuranosylnystose. The developed immobilized biocatalyst shown good stability of 8 cycles for inulin hydrolysis.
PMID:35123224 | DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132253