<em>Antidesma thwaitesianum</em> Müll. Arg. Fruit Juice, Its Phytochemical Contents, Antimicrobial Activity, and Application in Chiffon Cake

Int J Food Sci. 2022 Jan 28;2022:5183562. doi: 10.1155/2022/5183562. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

Antidesma thwaitesianum Müll. Arg. or Mao is well-known in Thailand for its use in soft drinks and wine. This study investigated the potential of its fruit juice as a food preservative based on its antimicrobial activity against food-borne pathogens and spoilage. The fruit juice had antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus TISTR1527, Staphylococcus aureus TISTR2329, Listeria monocytogenes DMST17303, Pseudomonas aeruginosa TISTR357, Salmonella Typhimurium DMST562, and Escherichia coli TISTR074. The minimum inhibitory concentration ranged from 25 to 100 mg/ml. Of significance was that the juice had excellent antifungal activities against Aspergillus flavus TISTR3135 and Penicillium digitatum ATCC10030. Furthermore, the fruit juice increased the lag time of spore germination of P. digitatum. Analysis of the phytochemical contents of the juice showed that the total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 20.07 mg GAE/g and 3.57 mg QE/g, respectively. In antioxidant activity assay, the juice exhibited moderate DPPH and ABTS+ radical scavenging and ferric-reducing activities. The addition of 5% fruit juice extended the microbial shelf life of chiffon cake. The treated chiffon cake had a shelf-life of 7 days, compared to 3 days for the untreated control. These results support the possible use of Mao fruit juice as an antimicrobial agent and a natural food preservative.

PMID:35127933 | PMC:PMC8816606 | DOI:10.1155/2022/5183562

Source: Industry