COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis in ICU patients in a German reference centre: phenotypic and molecular characterization of Aspergillus fumigatus isolates
Mycoses. 2022 Feb 9. doi: 10.1111/myc.13430. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: COVID-19-associated invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) is associated with increased mortality. Cases of CAPA caused by azole-resistant A. fumigatus strains have been reported.
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the twelve-month CAPA prevalence in a German tertiary care hospital and to characterise clinical A. fumigatus isolates from two German hospitals by antifungal susceptibility testing and microsatellite genotyping.
PATIENTS/METHODS: Retrospective observational study in critically ill adults from intensive care units with COVID-19 from 17.2.2020 until 16.2.2021 and collection of A. fumigatus isolates from two German centres. EUCAST broth microdilution for four azole compounds and microsatellite PCR with nine markers were performed for each collected isolate (N = 27) and additional for three non-COVID A. fumigatus isolates.
RESULTS: Twelve-month CAPA prevalence was 7.2% (30/414) and the rate of azole- resistant A. fumigatus isolates from patients with CAPA was 3.7% with detection of one TR34/L98H mutation. The microsatellite analysis revealed no major clustering of the isolates. Sequential isolates mainly showed the same genotype over time.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate similar CAPA prevalence to other reports and a low azole-resistance rate. Genotyping of A. fumigatus showed polyclonal distribution except for sequential isolates.