Chem Biol Drug Des. 2022 Feb 11. doi: 10.1111/cbdd.14031. Online ahead of print.
Based on the significant and diverse pharmacophore features of triazole ring and considering the potent antimicrobial properties of quinoline scaffold, a novel series of 1,2,3-triazole-based polyaromatic compounds containing chloroquinoline moiety were synthesized through a well-established synthetic methodology, named click chemistry. The structure of the synthetic compounds was characterized by various spectroscopic methods. The final products of triazole/quinoline hybrids and ((prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)methyl)benzene intermediates were screened for their antibacterial (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, and Salmonella enterica), antifungal (Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Aspergillus fumigatus), and cytotoxic activities. The best antifungal compounds exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), in the range of 0.35-0.63 µM, against S. cerevisiae without any cytotoxic effect. These compounds can be selected as the potential candidates for treating invasive fungal infections caused by S. cerevisiae, after further investigation. Preliminary in silico ADME studies also predicted the favorable pharmacokinetic attributes of most compounds.