Co-existing active pulmonary tuberculosis with aspergilloma in a diabetic patient: A rare case report
Radiol Case Rep. 2022 Feb 3;17(4):1136-1142. doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2021.12.064. eCollection 2022 Apr.
Pulmonary aspergilloma is commonly associated with tuberculosis. Pulmonary aspergilloma is found in residual tuberculosis cavities and potential for other pathogens’ infections due to its sufficient oxygen and necrotizing tissue. A 48-year-old woman came with shortness of breath and cough for 7 months. She was diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis 9 months ago and was still under anti-tuberculosis drug therapy. She also suffered from type II diabetes mellitus. Chest examination showed vesicular sound decreased in third to fourth left intercostal spaces. A chest x-ray revealed a thick-walled cavity with the air-crescent sign in the left upper lobe lung leads to aspergilloma and active pulmonary tuberculosis. This finding was confirmed by the contrast-enhanced CT scan of the chest and continued to lobectomy. Histological examination confirmed the presence of a granuloma formation, necrosis, hyphae structure with the conclusion of Aspergillus sp. infection.