Evaluation of Rezafungin Provisional CLSI Clinical Breakpoints and Epidemiological Cutoff Values Tested against a Worldwide Collection of Contemporaneous Invasive Fungal Isolates (2019 to 2020)
J Clin Microbiol. 2022 Mar 7:e0244921. doi: 10.1128/jcm.02449-21. Online ahead of print.
Rezafungin is a new echinocandin under development for the treatment of candidemia and invasive candidiasis. CLSI recently approved provisional susceptible-only breakpoints and epidemiological cutoff values for Candida spp. and rezafungin. The activities of rezafungin and comparators against 2019 to 2020 invasive fungal isolates was evaluated by applying the new CLSI breakpoints. Rezafungin demonstrated potent activity against Candida albicans (MIC50/MIC90, 0.03/0.06 mg/L; 100.0% susceptible), Candida tropicalis (MIC50/MIC90, 0.03/0.06 mg/L; 100% susceptible), Candida glabrata (MIC50/MIC90, 0.06/0.06 mg/L; 98.3% susceptible), Candida krusei (MIC50/MIC90, 0.03/0.03 mg/L; 100% susceptible), and Candida dubliniensis (MIC50/MIC90, 0.06/0.12 mg/L; 100% susceptible) when tested by the CLSI broth microdilution method. Rezafungin inhibited 99.6% of Candida parapsilosis isolates (MIC50/MIC90, 1/2 mg/L) at the susceptible breakpoint of ≤2 mg/L. All C. albicans, C. tropicalis, and C. krusei isolates, as well as most C. glabrata (96.2% to 97.9%) and C. parapsilosis (86.2% to 100%) isolates, were susceptible to comparator echinocandins. Fluconazole resistance was detected among 0.5%, 4.5%, 10.5%, and 1.2% of C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, and C. tropicalis isolates, respectively. All echinocandins displayed limited activity against Cryptococcus neoformans. Rezafungin and other echinocandins were active against Aspergillus fumigatus (minimum effective concentration for 90% of isolates tested [MEC90] range, 0.015 to 0.06 mg/L) and Aspergillus section Flavi (MEC90 range, 0.015 to 0.03 mg/L). All but 16 (8.6%) A. fumigatus isolates were susceptible to voriconazole, and 100% of Aspergillus section Flavi isolates were WT to mold-active azoles. When applying the CLSI clinical breakpoints, rezafungin displayed high susceptibility rates (>98.0%) against Candida isolates from invasive fungal infections and showed potent activity against Aspergillus isolates.