Dry extrusion pretreatment of cassava starch aided by sugarcane bagasse for improved starch saccharification
Carbohydr Polym. 2022 Jun 1;285:119256. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.119256. Epub 2022 Feb 14.
The enzymatic hydrolysis of native starch lacks efficiency because starch is mostly confined in semi-crystalline granules. To address the challenges associated with gelatinization and render native cassava starch (CS) amenable to enzymatic hydrolysis (enzyme cocktail from Aspergillus awamori and Trichoderma reesei), dry-extrusion pretreatment of CS mixed with sugarcane bagasse (SB) was studied. Results showed that among the CS:SB mass ratios studied (1:1; 1:0.5 and 1:0.25), extruded CS:SB (1:0.25) gave the highest 3-hour glucose yield (71.5%) after enzymatic hydrolysis. Extrusion reduced CS:SB (1:0.25) crystallinity by 78% and increased the intensity of all major FTIR absorption bands by 67-202%. The optimum 3-hour glucose yield from extruded CS:SB (1:0.25) hydrolysis was 74.1%, which was 330% higher than from untreated CS. The water absorption and solubility indices of the treated biomass increased by 145% and 12,640%, respectively under the optimum conditions, aiding the hydrolysis process. The dry extrudates were easy to manipulate and store.