Coinfection by Aspergillus and Mucoraceae Species in Two Cases of Acute Rhinosinusitis as a Complication of COVID-19
Case Rep Med. 2022 Mar 14;2022:8114388. doi: 10.1155/2022/8114388. eCollection 2022.
Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFR) is a life-threatening infection often found in immunocompromised patients. In the COVID-19 era, reports of AIFR have emerged, with high mortality and morbidity rate. This paper presents two cases of COVID-19 associated AIFR with the combined proven fungal etiology of Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus arrhizus in case 1 and Aspergillus fumigatus and Rhizopus arrhizus in case 2. Both patients received liposomal amphotericin B then posaconazole combined with aggressive surgical debridement of necrotic tissues with a favorable clinical outcome. Mixed etiology AIFR can influence the outcome; hence, further studies are required upon this new threat.