An overview of COVID-19 related to fungal infections: what do we know after the first year of pandemic?
Braz J Microbiol. 2022 Mar 21. doi: 10.1007/s42770-022-00704-6. Online ahead of print.
In 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by CoV-2 virus became a pandemic worldwide, being the fast spread of the disease due to the movement of infected people from one country to another, from one continent to another, or within the same country. Associated comorbidities are important factors that predispose to any fungal coinfections. Because of the importance of fungal infections in COVID-19 patients, the aim of this work was to collect data of the more encountered mycoses related to patients undergoing this disease. Aspergillosis was the first COVID-19-related fungal infection reported, being A. fumigatus the most frequent species for CAPA. Other fungal infections related include mainly candidiasis and mucormycosis, being Rhizopus spp. the more prevalent species found. Influenza-associated pulmonary aspergillosis is well documented; thus, similar complications are expected in severe forms of COVID-19 pneumonia. Therefore, in patients with COVID-19, it is important to take special attention to the surveillance and suspicion of fungal coinfections that might worsen the patient’s prognosis.