Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis after COVID-19 Pneumonia

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2022 Mar 2;9(3):003209. doi: 10.12890/2022_003209. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 emerged in China in late 2019 and quickly spread worldwide. The severe immunomodulation and depletion of lymphocytes caused by the virus and its therapy led to an increase in the incidence of superinfections. COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) is a new entity with increasing incidence and high associated mortality. We present the case of a 68-year-old patient admitted to our ward after recovering from severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Due to worsening of her clinical condition, chest computed tomography was performed and a lung abscess was documented with the identification of Aspergillus niger. Despite therapy with voriconazole, the patient’s condition deteriorated, culminating in her death.

LEARNING POINTS: COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) is a new entity with an increasing incidence.It is a serious and life-threatening complication in patients with severe COVID-19 even in the absence of the classic risk factors for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.Clinical suspicion is crucial since a timely diagnosis and treatment have a major impact on prognosis.

PMID:35402341 | PMC:PMC8988487 | DOI:10.12890/2022_003209

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