Biomimetic facile synthesis of zinc oxide and copper oxide nanoparticles from Elaeagnus indica for enhanced photocatalytic activity
Environ Res. 2022 Apr 23:113323. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.113323. Online ahead of print.
The present study focused on synthesizing ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and CuO NPs using Elaeagnus indica leaf extract as reducing and stabilizing agents using Zn(O2CCH3)2 and Cu2SO4, respectively, for the first time. We have confirmed the formation of aggregated ZnO NPs and CuO NPs with phytochemicals by various spectral analyses and electron microscopy studies. The size of synthesized ZnO NPs and CuO NPs were in the range of 20-30 nm and 30-40 nm, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of ZnO NPs at 75 μg concentration is superior against Salmonella typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumonia, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Aspergillus niger. While CuO nanoparticles with 75 μg concentration effectively inhibited Salmonella typhimurium, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Aspergillus niger. Phytochemicals and reactive oxygen species generated by the prepared NPs may account for the antimicrobial effects observed. The photodegradation of methylene blue by ZnO NPs and CuO NPs was 76% and 91%, respectively, for 6 h of sunlight exposure. CuO NPs and ZnO NPs have different intrinsic properties and phytochemical compositions; hence ZnO NPs photodegrade faster than CuO NPs even though ZnO has higher bandgap energy than CuO. Consequently, CuO and ZnO NPs produced from E. indica leaf extract might be utilized as antimicrobials and photocatalysts in the future.