Exploiting the exceptional biosynthetic potency of the endophytic <em>Aspergillus terreus</em> in enhancing production of Co<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>, CuO, Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>, NiO, and ZnO nanoparticles using bioprocess optimization and gamma irradiation
Saudi J Biol Sci. 2022 Apr;29(4):2463-2474. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.12.019. Epub 2021 Dec 13.
Developing a suitable applicative process and scaling up the microbial synthesis of nanomaterials is an attractive and emerging prospect for a future sustainable industrial production. In this paper, optimization of fermentation conditions for enhanced production of Co3O4, CuO, Fe3O4, NiO, and ZnO nanoparticles by the endophytic A. terreus ORG-1 was studied. Different cultivation conditions were evaluated. Then, a response surface methodology program was used to optimize physical conditions controlling the biosynthesis of these NPs. Finally, the use of gamma irradiation for improvement of NPs’ production was adopted. Under the optimum conditions and after gamma irradiation, the final yields of the respective NPs reached 545.71, 651.67, 463.19, 954.88, 1356.42 mg L-1. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the production and enhancement of different types of nanomaterials from one microbial culture that can open up the way towards the industrialization of the microbial production of nanomaterials.