Assessment of the Endophytic Fungal Composition of <em>Lactobacillus plantarum</em> and <em>Enterococcus faecalis</em>-Fermented <em>Astragalus membranaceus</em> Using Single-Molecule, Real-Time Sequencing Technology
Front Vet Sci. 2022 Apr 28;9:880152. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2022.880152. eCollection 2022.
Endophytic fungus represents microorganisms existing within the healthy plant organs, which can significantly influence metabolic product production in plants, a process with great research value and broad prospects for development. To investigate the effect of fermentation with probiotic cultures on the endophytic fungal diversity and composition of Astragalus membranaceus, we used single-molecular, real-time sequencing (Pacific Biosciences) for 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing. The results showed that the endophytic fungi of A. membranaceus mainly belonged to Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cystofilobasidium, Candida, Guehomyces, and Wallemia. Furthermore, the endophytic fungal diversity and abundance of A. membranaceus were more variable after fermentation with Enterococcus faecium and/or Lactobacillus plantarum. Our data lays a solid and comprehensive foundation for further exploration of endophytic fungi from A. membranaceus as potential sources of functional compounds.