Biocontrol of toxinogenic <em>Aspergillus flavus</em> and <em>Fusarium oxysporum</em> f. sp. <em>albedinis</em> by two rare Saharan actinomycetes strains and LC-ESI/MS-MS profiling of their antimicrobial products
Saudi J Biol Sci. 2022 Jun;29(6):103288. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2022.103288. Epub 2022 Apr 21.
Fungi colonizing fruits in the field and post-harvest constitute a major threat to the global food sector. This study focuses on the biocontrol of Aspergillus flavus (aflatoxin-producing mold considered carcinogenic by IARC) and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis (FOA) (phytopathogenic agent, causal of El Bayoud in the Algerian and Moroccan Sahara). These molds have a significant economic impact and pose a serious human health problem. The aim of this work is to study the antifungal activity of two rare actinomycetes strains; Saccharothrix sp. COL22 and Actinomadura sp. COL08 strains against toxinogenic A. flavus and F. oxysporum f. sp. albedinis. The strains are isolated from Citrullus colocynthis rhizosphere on different media: ISP2, GLM, TSA, Starch-casein-agar and WYE and with different treatments of the samples (physical, chemical treatment and enrichment). The antifungal tests against the pathogenic microorganisms were performed on ISP2, GLM and TSA medium by means of the agar cylinders method. The kinetics of antibiotic production were performed on ISP medium over 16 days. The characterization of the antimicrobial compounds by LC-ESI/MS-MS showed that the bacterial extracts contain Antibiotic SF 2738C, Tetrodecamycin and Aplysillamide B. The phenotypic and molecular studies showed that Saccharothrix sp. COL22 is closely related to the Saccharothrix longispora strain type and that Actinomadura sp. COL08 is closely related to the Actinomadura hibisca strain type. The two strains are rare and showed an interesting activity against toxinogenic A. flavus and F. oxysporum f. sp. albedinis.