Front Microbiol. 2022 May 11;13:831947. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.831947. eCollection 2022.
Increasing evidence suggests a high risk of gastrointestinal postoperative comorbidities (such as colorectal cancer) in patients with postcholecystectomy (PC). Although previous studies implicated the role of fungi in colon carcinogenesis, few reports focused on the fungal profile in patients with PC. We enrolled 104 subjects, including 52 patients with PC and 52 non-PC controls (CON), for fecal collection to detect the fungal composition by an internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 1 rDNA sequencing. Data showed that Candida (C.) glabrata and Aspergillus (A.) Unassigned were enriched, and Candida albicans was depleted in patients with PC. In addition, postoperative duration was the main factor to affect the fungal composition. Machine learning identified that C. glabrata, A. Unassigned, and C. albicans were three biomarkers to discriminate patients with PC from CON subjects. To investigate the fungal role in colon carcinogenesis, the subjects of the PC group were divided into two subgroups, namely, patients with PC without (non-CA) and with precancerous lesions or colorectal cancer (preCA_CRC), by histopathological studies. C. glabrata was found to be gradually accumulated in different statuses of patients with PC. In conclusion, we found fungal dysbiosis in patients with cholecystectomy, and the postoperative duration was a potent factor to influence the fungal composition. The accumulation of C. glabrata might be connected with carcinogenesis after cholecystectomy.