Structural basis for the catalytic mechanism of the glycoside hydrolase family 3 isoprimeverose-producing oligoxyloglucan hydrolase from Aspergillus oryzae
FEBS Lett. 2022 Jun 18. doi: 10.1002/1873-3468.14427. Online ahead of print.
Aspergillus oryzae isoprimeverose-producing oligoxyloglucan hydrolase (IpeA) releases isoprimeverose units (α-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→6)-d-glucose) from the non-reducing end of xyloglucan oligosaccharides and belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 3. In this paper, we report the X-ray crystal structure of the IpeA complexed with a xyloglucan oligosaccharide, (XXXG: Glc4 Xyl3 ). Trp515 of IpeA plays a critical role in XXXG recognition at positive subsites. In addition, docking simulation of IpeA-XXXG suggested that two Tyr residues (Tyr268 and Tyr445) are involved in the catalytic reaction mechanism of IpeA. Tyr268 plays an important role in product turnover, whereas Tyr445 stabilizes the acid/base Glu524 residue, which serves as a proton donor. Our findings indicate that the substrate recognition machinery of IpeA is specifically adapted to xyloglucan oligosaccharides.