Inhibition of AoAur1 increases mycelial growth, hyphal fusion and improves physiological adaptation to high-temperature stress in Aspergillus oryzae

Arch Microbiol. 2022 Jul 13;204(8):477. doi: 10.1007/s00203-022-03075-6.

ABSTRACT

Inositol phosphorylceramide (IPC) participates in hyphal growth and serves as a signaling molecule that enables fungi to adapt to diverse environments. Here, a gene, encodes IPC synthase, was identified from the Aspergillus oryzae 3.042 genome and designated AoAur1. The characteristics, phylogenetic evolution, and resistance to aureobasidin A of AoAur1 were analyzed. The expression pattern of AoAur1 was markedly downregulated under temperature stress. Additionally, an RNAi-AoAur1 strain in which the AoAur1 expression was inhibited had mycelial that grew more quickly, had a higher frequency of hyphal fusion, and was more resistant to high-temperature stress than the control. Gene expression profiles showed that the genes related to IPC biosynthesis were obviously downregulated, while AoCerS, which participates in dihydroceramide biosynthesis, increased in the RNAi-AoAur1 strain at the three temperature treatments. A metabolomic analysis revealed that the intracellular IPC content decreased, and the accumulation of dihydroceramide and galactosylceramide increased significantly in the RNAi-AoAur1 strain. Thus, the inhibition of AoAur1 reduced IPC level followed by an increase in the contents of dihydroceramide and galactosylceramide that promote mycelial growth and the formation of spores in the RNAi-AoAur1 strain. Interestingly, the inhibition of AoAur1 also induced the expression of hyphal fusion-related genes, which promote hyphal fusion, thus, contributing to the transduction of stress signal to enhance the ability of cells to adapt to temperature stress. Our results demonstrated that the downregulation of AoAur1 and a decrease in the accumulation of IPC is one of the mechanisms that enables A. oryzae to adapt low- and high-temperature stress.

PMID:35829968 | DOI:10.1007/s00203-022-03075-6

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