Potential of indigenous ligno-cellulolytic microbial consortium to accelerate degradation of heterogenous crop residues

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Jul 14. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-21809-3. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Indigenous microbial diversity has potential for rapid decomposition of residue through enzyme activities that is alternative, effective, and environment friendly strategy to accelerate degradation of lignocellulose in agricultural residues and make composting process economically viable. Keeping this view, the main objective of the present study was isolation and characterization of lignocellulosic degrading microbial diversity from long-term residue management practice experiments and to develop potential microbial consortium for rapid degradation of lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, twenty-five bacteria, nine fungi, and four actinomycetes isolates were obtained from the soil samples of different residue management fields from Ludhiana, Punjab, India. All isolates were qualitatively and quantitatively screened for enzyme activities, i.e., cellulase, xylanase, laccase, and lignin peroxidase. On the basis of quantitative estimation of enzyme activities, 3 fungal (S1F1, S2F4, and S6F9), 2 actinomycetes (S1A1 and S6A4), and 2 bacterial strains (S6B16 and S6B17) were further selected for in vitro bio-compatibility assay. Selected bio-compatible microbial strains were identified as Streptomyces flavomacrosporus (S6A4), Aspergillus terreus (S2F4), and Bacillus altitudinis (S6B16) through 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA sequencing. Furthermore, single and developed microbial consortium (S6B16 + S6A4 + S2F4) were screened for quantitative estimation of cellulase, xylanase, laccase, and lignin peroxidase enzymes with 23 biochemically different cereal, legume, and oil seed crop residues for optimization of enzyme activities at different time intervals. Results revealed that Vigna radiata followed by Cajanus cajan and Arachis hypogaea straw residue powder @ 1% in culture broth are a promising carbon source for B. altitudinis, S. flavomacrosporus, and A. terreus to produce higher ligno-cellulolytic microbial degrading enzymes due to variable range of carbon (C):nitrogen (N) ratio and higher ligno-cellulolytic content in the studied crop residues. Thus, the application of indigenous microbial consortium with efficient lignocellulose hydrolysis enzyme machinery might be an attractive alternative for ex situ crop residue management practices under sustainable manners.

PMID:35834084 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-022-21809-3

Source: Industry