Inactivation of fungal spores in water by CuO-activated peracetic acid: Kinetics, mechanism and regrowth
J Hazard Mater. 2022 Jul 16;439:129611. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129611. Online ahead of print.
The disinfection of pathogenic microorganisms in water treatment by peracetic acid (PAA)-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) has been gaining increasing concern. In this work, the inactivation mechanism, influencing factors and regrowth of two pathogenic Aspergillus species in the system of CuO-activated PAA were studied for the first time. The k values of A. niger and A. flavus inactivated by PAA/CuO system were 3.9 and 2.1-fold higher than those inactivated by PAA alone. PAA concentration and CuO dose were positively correlated with the inactivation efficiency, while humic acid and pH were negatively correlated. The main active species that contributed to the inactivation of fungal spores in PAA/CuO system were •OH, CH3C(O)OO• and 1O2. PAA/CuO system had more intense oxidative stimulation and more serious damage to fungal spores according to the analysis of cell membrane integrity and intracellular ROS levels. In addition, the PAA/CuO system was less impacted by the water matrix and kept a good inactivation efficiency in real water samples. The regrowth potential of fungal spores after disinfection was also reduced in PAA/CuO system so as to avoid the risk of biological regrowth. This study provides a feasible PAA-based advanced oxidation method for activating PAA and inactivating fungal spores.