Comparison of three α-glucosidases from different sources in the synthesis of <sub>L</sub>-ascorbic acid 2-glucoside

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2022 Jul 25;38(7):2523-2533. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.210710.

ABSTRACT

L-ascorbic acid 2-glucoside (AA-2G) is a derivative of L-ascorbic acid (L-AA). Compared with L-AA, it has good stability and is easily decomposed by enzyme in the human body. α-Glucosidase (AG) was the first enzyme found capable of producing AA-2G. However, researches on this enzyme is still in infancy. We took AG derived from Aspergillus niger (AAG), Japanese rice (JrAG) and Rattus rattus (RAG), and compared their specific enzymatic activity and transglycosidation rate, with the aim to improve the synthesis of AA-2G by the transglycosidation of AG. The genes encoding these three different AG were cloned and expressed in engineered yeast. The conditions for the transglycosidation reaction of these three enzymes were optimized and the transglycosidation efficiency and yield of AA-2G under the optimized conditions were compared. The specific activity of AAG reached 1.0 U/mg, while the yield of AA-2G reached 153.1 mg/L with a transglycosidation rate of 0.5%. The specific activity of RAG reached 0.4 U/mg, while the yield of AA-2G reached 861.0 mg/L with a transglycosidation rate of 2.5%. JrAG showed the highest specific activity and transglycosidation rate. The enzyme specific activity of JrAG reached 1.9 U/mg, while the yield of AA-2G reached 2 577.2 mg/L with a transglycosidation rate of 7.6%, much higher than that of the other two glucosidases. JrAG may thus have potential to improve the synthesis of AA-2G.

PMID:35871622 | DOI:10.13345/j.cjb.210710

Source: Industry