Mixed-ligand complexes of copper(ii) with thienoyltrifluoroacetonate and nitrogen containing ligands: synthesis, structures, antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity, Hirshfeld surface analysis and DFT studies

RSC Adv. 2022 Aug 17;12(36):23513-23526. doi: 10.1039/d2ra02428d. eCollection 2022 Aug 16.

ABSTRACT

Mixed-ligand complexes of copper(ii) with thienoyltrifluoroacetonate (TTA-H), 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), and tetramethylethylenediamine (tmen), associated with counter ions such as Cl, and NO3 have been synthesized and characterized by molar conductance measurements, elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy, antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity assay studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra and crystal structures are consistent with the adoption of square pyramidal geometry for all of the complexes except [Cu(TTA)tmen]NO3 and [Cu(TTA)2tmen] which have square planar and octahedral geometries, respectively. Conductance measurements of the mixed-ligand complexes indicated that they were all non-electrolytes, with the ligands and anions being coordinated to Cu except [Cu(TTA)tmen]NO3 which is a 1 : 1 electrolyte. All of the complexes were moderately active on all the fungi tested (Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium notatum, Rhizopus stolonifer) except [Cu(TTA)bipyCl] which showed increased activity in Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger. All of the compounds tested showed LC50 values greater than 100 with [Cu(TTA)(phen)NO3] being the least toxic of the compounds. Molecular geometries of the complexes were optimized at the PBE1PBE/def2SVP and PBE1PBE/6-311g(d,p) level of theory and the results were compared with the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Electronic properties such as HOMO, LUMO, HOMO-LUMO gaps and global reactivity descriptors are reported at the PBE1PBE/6-311g(d,p) level of theory. Hirshfeld surface analysis was carried out to investigate the cooperative non-covalent supramolecular interactions within the various complexes.

PMID:36090449 | PMC:PMC9382361 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra02428d

Source: Industry