Respir Med Case Rep. 2022 Sep 16;39:101738. doi: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2022.101738. eCollection 2022.
INTRODUCTION: Aspergillosis is a fungal disease caused by the Aspergillus fumigatus. Until now, the management of aspergilloma is still controversial, and there is no consensus among experts. Hamartoma is a benign tumor that can be found in the lung. We report a case of pulmonary aspergilloma coincidentally with hamartoma in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients. Aspergilloma and hamartoma diagnoses are challenging because of various clinical symptoms.
CASE REPORT: A 46 years old man came to emergency unit with complaints shortness of breath, cough, and chest tightness. He also has a red-black blood streak and terrible odor sputum. He had a history of two episodes of pulmonary TB. Holistic physical and additional examinations were done. Patient was diagnosed with aspergillosis infection in post pulmonary TB. The patient was then undergoing surgery. From the pathology of lung tissue, we found hamartoma features. Antifungal, antibiotic, and supported therapy were given, and his condition improved after a month of hospitalization.
CONCLUSION: Pulmonary aspergilloma and hamartoma coincidence are rare diseases. Aspergilloma diagnosis is made based on clinical symptoms, radiological, and serological examination. Pulmonary hamartoma is generally asymptomatic. In this case, hamartoma was incidentally found in pathology examination. Prompt and precise diagnosis with good therapeutic management yield favorable outcomes.