Nasal Mycology of Chronic Rhinosinusitis Revealed by Nanopore Sequencing

Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Nov 9;12(11):2735. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics12112735.


BACKGROUND: Nanopore sequencing (NS) is a third-generation sequencing technology capable of generating reads of long sequences. In this study, we used NS to investigate nasal mycology in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

METHODS: Nasal cavities of 13 CRS patients were individually irrigated with 20 mL of distilled water. The irrigant was forcefully blown by the patient into a basin. The collected fluid was placed into a centrifuge tube and processed using the method of Ponikau et al. The collected specimens were used for traditional fungal culture and sequenced for total DNA using NS.

RESULTS: Traditional fungal culture successfully grew fungi in the specimens of 11 (84.6%) patients. Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp. were found in four (30.8%) patients, Cladosporium sp. in three (23.1%) patients, and Candida albicans, Mucor sp. and Chaetomium sp. in one patient. NS revealed fungi abundance ranged from 81 to 2226, with the Shannon species diversity ranging from 1.094 to 1.683 at the genus level. Malassezia sp. was sequenced in 13 patients, Aspergillus sp. in 12 (92.3%) patients, Candida albicans in 11 (84.6%) patients, and Penicillium sp. in 10 (76.9%) patients.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed that NS was sensitive and fast in detecting nasal fungi in CRS patients.

PMID:36359578 | DOI:10.3390/diagnostics12112735

Source: Industry