Inhibitory Mechanism of Pinosylvin Monomethyl Ether against <em>Aspergillus flavus</em>

J Agric Food Chem. 2022 Nov 30. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.2c07240. Online ahead of print.


Control of Aspergillus flavus is beneficial for the agricultural economy and food safety. Stilbenes exhibit antifungal properties through an unknown mechanism. Here, six stilbenes isolated from Cajanus cajan were screened for anti-A. flavus activity. Among them, pinosylvin monomethyl ether (PME) showed the strongest anti-A. flavus activity and has a broad antifungal spectrum with negligible hemolysis within the concentration range measured. PME inhibited the spore germination of A. flavus and the accumulation of aflatoxin B1. Mechanistic studies showed that PME could bind the cell membrane phospholipids, resulting in increased permeability and decreased fluidity. Further metabolic analysis showed that PME caused the lysis of cell membranes and subsequent collapse of spores, which resulted in a cell wall autolysis-like phenotype. Structure-activity relationship analysis revealed the importance of maintaining amphiphilicity harmony by substituent groups for the antifungal activity of stilbenes. Together, natural stilbenes are promising antifungal lead compounds worthy of further exploration and research for potential application in the food, pharmaceutical, and agricultural industries.

PMID:36448783 | DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.2c07240

Source: Industry