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Mucormycosis is a rare but aggressive disease characterised by high morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a group of fungi named mucormycetes. (1)

Epidemiology and distribution

Mucormycosis is caused by environmental moulds that are present worldwide, including the Rhizopus, Apophysomyces, Mucor, and Lichtheimia species. Mucormycosis has recently gained attention due to an epidemic in India, where thousands of instances have been recorded in the aftermath of India’s second wave of COVID-19 infections, drawing attention to this devastating yet often overlooked condition. Indeed, due to the disease’s rarity, large, randomised clinical studies are challenging to undertake, and the majority of the current data on epidemiology, diagnosis, and management comes from case reports and case series.